Sociological Survey «Baikal: opinion of the Irkutsk region and the Republic of Buryatia population on ecological problems of the lake»
01 March 2018
The Lake Baikal Foundation in partnership with the Analytical Center NAFI conducted a sociological survey of the Irkutsk Region and the Republic of Buryatia population’s opinion on the ecological problems of the lake. The study involved 503 respondents from 26 localities in 8 districts.
This sociological research is devoted to the study of the population’s opinion on the following topics: ecological education and culture, attitude to tourism, problems of the ecological situation of Lake Baikal as a whole. According to the results of the survey, 78% of local residents believe that the ecological situation on Baikal has deteriorated over the past five years. The majority of the region’s residents are sure that in 10 years the situation will continue to worsen (38% – «greatly», 23% «worsen, but insignificantly»).
The poll revealed that, in the opinion of the population, the most damaging problems worsening the ecology of Lake Baikal are the pollution of the lake by sewage and the debris of the territory by tourists. 55% of respondents answered that the development of tourism leads to negative consequences and 59% called for the introduction of restrictions on tourist flows in particular from China and Asia, in view of their disregard for the nature of Lake Baikal. The majority of respondents (61%) spoke in favor of introducing an increased tourist fee to preserve the ecology of Olkhon Island.
The resonance topic of the reduction of the water protection zone was also reflected in the survey. The opinions on the decision to cut the water protection zone of Lake Baikal divided almost equally (48% – «against», 46% – «for», 6% of respondents found it difficult to answer). It is important to note that at the same time 62% of the respondents took a positive view of the need to limit economic activity near Lake Baikal.
The Lake Baikal Foundation for Environmental Applications and Research pursues charitable and research objectives aimed at preserving the Lake Baikal natural territory and promoting its sustainable development. Join us!