Rescue of the Khamar-Daban group of forest subspecies of wild reindeer in the central part of the Khamar-Daban range

Rescue of the Khamar-Daban group of forest subspecies of wild reindeer in the central part of the Khamar-Daban range

February 2021 — December 2021

The Khamar-Daban group of forest subspecies of wild reindeer inhabits the central part of the Khamar-Daban radge on the territory of Baikal state natural biosphere reserve and is isolated from the main population. Today this species is vulnerable and is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and the Red Book of the Republic of Buryatia. Over the past 20 years, there has been a decline in the population throughout its range.

This species is an important link in the ecosystem of the Khamar-Daban range. If we do not take measures to study and preserve this local group, we may soon lose the reindeer as one of the species of biological diversity in the Baikal Natural Territory.

Lake Baikal Foundation’s project assesses solving the problem of degradation of the Khamar-Daban group of reindeer by conducting comprehensive environmental monitoring on the territory of Baikal state natural biosphere reserve.

The research is carried out under the lead of Alexey Kitaev, the winner of the Baikal Initiative grant competition for young scientists.

Goal:

  • to preserve the isolated Khamar-Daban grouping of the wild reindeer subspecies of the Altai-Sayan population in the Central part of the Khamar-Daban range.

Targets:

  • To provide grant support to Baikal state natural biosphere reserve for the project implementation. 
  • To conduct the following works in 2021 within the grant support:
    1. to study the materials of space monitoring in order to identify new snowfields (places of concentration of reindeer at the beginning of the summer period);
    2. to conduct expedition work in the Central part of the Khamar-Daban range to identify new and confirm the former habitats of an isolated group of wild reindeer of the Altai-Sayan population.
    3. to collect biological material found in the course of field work, in order to study for genetic analysis, including the presence or absence of inbreeding;
    4. to organize monitoring of an isolated group of reindeer in the Central part of the Khamar-Daban range using camera traps;
    5. to determine the factors that affect the state of the wild reindeer population (forest subspecies) of the Altai-Sayan population living on the territory of the Baikalskiy reserve in the central part of the Khamar-Daban range’
    6. to prepare scientific guidelines for the conservation of the Khamar-Daban group of reindeer of the forest subspecies of the Altai-Sayan population in the central part of the Khamar-Daban range.

Photo: Baikal state natural biosphere reserve



Biodiversity Conservation