Reducing the anthropogenic load on Lake Baikal is an important task for Lake Baikal Foundation. Due to industrial activity on the Baikal natural territory, the content of heavy metals in the reservoir has increased significantly, which leads to the immediate death of representatives of the lake’s fauna. To combat the environmental problems of the reservoir, it is necessary to identify the level of water pollution, analyze and monitor the content of heavy metals in the lake, as well as track the impact of harmful chemical elements on the well-being and life of microorganisms in lake Baikal. Thanks to the project to develop implantable fluorescent biosensors, Lake Baikal Foundation is one step closer to its goal.
Under the leadership of Anton Gurkov, the winner of the Baikal initiative competition, new ways of monitoring the ecological state of lake Baikal and its inhabitants were studied and implemented. As part of the study, a new tool was developed that allowed you to quickly track the content of heavy metals directly in the tissues of a living organism. The implantable optical microsensor made it possible to see the reaction of amphipods to the pollution of lake Baikal, which in the future will allow us to adjust the existing water quality standards in reservoirs.
1) to select coatings that simultaneously reduce the immune response of crustaceans to microsensors and exclude the spread of yeast into the body of amphipods;
2) to obtain a genetically modified yeast strain that allows determining the concentration of copper in the medium by their fluorescence spectrum;
3) to work out the methods of using yeast in the hemocele of amphipods.
The results obtained and the developed methods have significant potential for application and can be used in the future to develop effective procedures for environmental monitoring of lake Baikal communities.
«Об умных микролампочках в байкальских рачках» — Вести-Иркутск 9.06.2019
Три проекта молодых ученых получили гранты фонда «Озеро Байкал» — IRK.ru21.02.2019
Проекты по исследованию и спасению эндемиков поддержал фонд «Озеро Байкал» — Агентство Социальной информации – Иркутск 12.03.2019
Байкальская инициатива: будущее великого озера в руках молодых ученых – Экология и жизнь 20.02.2019